Top 18 guard Dog breeds- And their origin

A guard dog is used to guard or protect property against any unwanted person, animal, or intrusion. Mostly these types of dogs are highly trained by their owners so, that they may not attack any family member, friends, neighbors, or other pets. These dogs usually bark to alert their owners and scare the intruders or run to attack the intruders.

Many guard dog breeds are also watchdogs. Guard dogs tend to be very aggressive, protective, alert, powerful, muscular, obedient, and confident. Some of the deadly dangerous guard dog breeds are banned in some countries or some of their cities.

Here is the list of my top 18 guard dogs, their traits, and origin.

My top 18 Best Guard Dog Breeds

18. Black Russian Terrier

Black Russian Terrier

Black Russian Terrier belongs to Guardian dog breed group. It has many other names like Chornyi, Terrier Noir Russem, Schwarzer Russicher Terrier, Tchiorny Terrier, Mustaterrieri, Black Terrier, Russian Bear Schnauzer, BRT and Stalin’s Dog.

The Origin of this breed is in Russia. It’s a large-sized dog and could reach a giant size too. Its life span is from 10 years to 14 years. It’s a brave, energetic, confident, and stable-tempered dog. They don’t need large spaces to live. They can adjust easily in an apartment. They love their owners very much and they like to live close to their owner. It’s a child-friendly breed and also friendly with other pets.

They love to exercise and a long walk. Always love to play and run. No trimming is needed, grooming should be performed regularly. They shed a negligible amount. They will do anything to guard their owner and their family, Very aggressive to any intrusion and fearless.

Origin: Russia

Height: 28- 31 inches (male), 26-29 inches (female)

Weight: 82- 152 pounds

Color: Black, Gray

Exercise: Required

Life span:  10-14 years

Shedding: Heavy shedding

Grooming: should be performed regularly

17. Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiff belongs to the working and guardian dogs breed group. Other names for this breed are Dok-khyi and Tsang-khyi. The origin of this breed is in China. This breed is of giant size, height ranges from 25-28 inches. It’s an aloof, protective, stubborn, loyal, and strong-willed tempered dog.

These dogs need big spaces for happy living. They need proper exercise. So, they are not comfortable in small apartments. It’s a child-friendly dog and this breed is known as a playful breed too. Tibetan Mastiffs are not suited for hot weather conditions.

This breed sheds regularly so, you have to work hard to clean it up. This breed can easily be trained with love and care not with anger or striking them. It’s a guard dog breed and it does so. This breed is very protective towards its owners and their families. Very aggressive and fearless.

Origin: China

Height: 25- 28 inches (male), 24-27 inches (female)

Weight: 140- 170 pounds

Color: Brown, Grey, Red, Black, Tan, blue,

Weight: 140- 170 pounds

Size: Giant

Exercise: Required

Lifespan:  10-14 years

Shedding: Lots

16. The Moscow Watchdog

The Moscow Watchdog

It’s a large and strong guard dog breed. Other names for this breed are Moskovskaya, Storodzevay, and Sobaka. It’s a friendly breed. Its life span is from 9 years to 11 years. This breed is not apartment-friendly, they need a large space to live.

It’s a child-friendly breed, known for playful and energetic behavior. A lot of regular exercise is needed. This breed is suitable for a daily long walk. Be prepared to vacuum often because it shreds a lot. They have a long tail that even can touch the floor. Moscow watchdog is known to be giant, aggressive, and protective of his family.

Origin: Russia

Height: 25- 27 inches

Weight: 100- 150 pounds

Color: White, red

Size: Large to Giant

Exercise: regular exercise required

Lifespan:  9-11 years

Shedding: Lots (constant and seasonal)

15. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd is an independent and strong breed. It’s a large, giant dog belonging to a working and guarding dog breed group. Other names for this breed are Central Asian Ovtcharka, Alabai, CAO, and Aziat. Its life span is from 12 years to 14 years.  The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is adaptable, bold, and curious. 

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is not suitable for an apartment, they need a large fenced space to guard and they need a lot of exercises. Kids feel safe around this dog because it’s a playful and energetic breed. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog needs very little grooming, very low maintenance required on a regular basis. During spring they shed a lot, so, they need extra brushing during spring. 

This breed is very clever and intelligent, thus easy to train for guarding.

Origin: Russia

Height: 27-32 inches (male), 24-27 inches (female)

Weight: 121- 176 pounds

Color: Brindle, Black, Deadgrass, Grey, Piebald, Rust, White

Size: Large to Giant

Exercise: regular exercise required

Life span:  12 -14 years

Shedding: Lots (in spring season)

14. East European Shepherd

East European Shepherd

East European Shepherd is a large guarding crossbreed. Its origin is in Russia. Other names for this breed are Byelorussian Ovcharka, Vostochnoevropejskaya Ovcharka and VEO. Its life span is 10 years to 14 years. East European Shepherd is an aggressive, attentive, active, intelligent, loyal, and playful breed.

This breed can easily live in an apartment but need regular exercise or walk. This breed is not good with kids in isolation, owners must keep an eye on their kids. But if the puppy is growing up with the kids, then it may lower the risk. As it is a working breed it needs to exercise on a daily basis. East European Shepherd listens to the commands and is easy to train. It acts fearlessly towards the aggressor and shows very protective behavior towards its family.

Origin: Russia

Height: 26-30 inches (male), 24-28 inches (female)

Weight: 77- 132 pounds

Color: Black, Black and Tan, Blue, White

Size: Large to Giant

Exercise: regular exercise required

Life span:  12 -14 years

Shedding: light constant shedder

Grooming: Brush regularly

13. Caucasian Shepherd aka (The Russian Bear)

Caucasian Shepherd aka (The Russian Bear)

Caucasian Shepherd is a strong, aggressive, and very protective breed. It’s not comfortable in living in an apartment, this breed is good for large spaces like prisons, huge properties, or in the military. This breed is also used as herding dogs. As they are a good guard dog, it becomes aggressive when sees any intrusion in his property or any unknown person comes near his family.

They can survive in very cold weather as they have thick fur. This breed needs proper exercise and training without skipping a day. The owner must be dedicated to his dog’s health and fitness.

Origin: Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Circassia

Height: 26-28 inches

Color: Black, White, Fawn, Cream, Rust

Weight: 130- 210 pounds

Size: Large to Giant

Exercise: regular exercise required (Many hours)

Life span:  10 -11 years

Shedding: Heavy

Grooming: Brush regularl

12. The Cane Corso

The Cane Corso

The Cane Corso’s origin is in Italy. It’s a large dog breed belonging to the working and guarding dog breed group. Other names for this breed are Cane Corz, italian Mastiff, and Cane Di Macellaio.Its life span is from 10 years to 11 years. It is a cheerful, courageous, loyal, and social breed.

This breed can live easily in an apartment if it gets enough exercise. It’s not child friendly, but after proper and hard training it could be trained to be child friendly when in isolation with the kid.

 The Cane Corso is an intelligent breed; hence it is easy to train. They are a quick learner and can perform many tasks quickly. Obedience and guard training is a must task for his owner. This breed is very protective towards its family and acts aggressively towards any harm.

Origin: Italy

Height: 24-27 inches (male), 23-25 inches (female)

Color: Black, Black Brindle, Chestnut Brindle, Fawn, Gray, Gray Brindle, Red

Weight: 99-110 pounds (male), 88-99 pounds (female)

Size: Large   

Exercise: regular exercise required

Life span:  10 -11 years

Shedding: Light

Brushing: Once a week

11. The Dobermann Pinscher

The Dobermann Pinscher

Other names for this breed are Dobie, Dobermann, Dobynm, and Doberman. Its origin is in Germany. It is a large dog breed. It belongs to the working and the Guarding breed group. This breed is okay in small apartments, although they are not outside dogs when it’s cold, they need a little more space than an apartment.

This breed is a cat and dog friendly, but does not recommend leaving with your kid in isolation. They need proper training and puppy must grow up with the kids in a friendly environment. This breed loves to play and is easy to train. They obey their owners and listen to commands carefully. It shows very protective behavior towards its family.

Origin: Germany

Height: 26-28 inches (male), 24-26 inches (female)

Weight: 88-99 pounds (male), 71-77 pounds (female)

Color: Black, Black, and Tan, Blue, Brown, Red,White

Size: Large   

Exercise: regular exercise, long walk

Life span:  10 -12 years

Shedding: Light

Brushing: Once a week

10. The Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff is a giant-sized dog breed. Because of its best temperament, it belongs to the guard dog breed group. This breed is calm, alert, devoted, powerful, loyal, protective, and reliable.

Other names for this breed are Bully and Bullie. Its origin is in the United Kingdom. They need sufficient exercise but they are also apartment friendly. They never hesitate to show love to their owner and their family friends. But on the other hand, this breed is very aggressive towards any harm or intrusion into their territory. It’s a child and other pets’ friendly breed.

Origin: Germany

Height: 25-27 inches (male), 24-26 inches (female)

Weight: 110-133 pounds (male), 100-120 pounds (female)

Color: Fawn, Fawn Brindle, Red, Red Brindle, Red Fawn, Red Fawn Brindle

Size: Giant   

Exercise: moderate amount

Life span:  8-10 years

Shedding: Light

Brushing: Once a week

9. Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois

It is an ideal watch and guard dog. This breed needs regular and mental exercise. Due to their temperament, they are the top military and police dogs. It resembles the German Shepherd.

Other names for this breed are Malinois, Chien De Berger Belge, Mechelaar, Mechelse Herder, Mechelse Scheper and Pastor Belga Malinois. Its origin is in Belgium. It was mainly used for herding so it belongs to the Herding breed group.

This breed is playful, active, Stubborn, watchful, and hardworking.

Origin: Belgium      

Height: 24-26 inches (male), 22-24 inches (female)

Weight: 25-30 kg (male), 20-25Kg (female)

Color: Fawn, Fawn Sable, Mahogany, Red, Red Sable

Size: Large   

Exercise: must have an active outdoor life

Life span:  12-14 years

Shedding: heavy

Brushing: twice a week

8. The German Shepherd

The German Shepherd

As the name says its origin is in Germany. Primarily known as a herding dog. Other names for this breed are Alsatian (UK), Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Berger Allemand, Deutscher Schäferhund and Schäferhund.

This breed is alert, confident, watchful, playful, intelligent, and courageous. They love to be around kids, family, friends, and other pets. They are fast learners, obedience, and love to play ball or frisbee.

Origin: Germany    

Height: 24-26 inches (male), 22-24 inches (female)

Weight: 66-88 pounds (male) , 49-71 pounds (female)

Color: Black, Black and tan, Black and Silver

Size: Large   

Exercise: daily walk, some other play activities are must

Life span:  10-13 years

Shedding: heavy

Brushing: twice a week

7. The Boxer

The Boxer

It has a shiny coat. A broadhead with alert expressions. The boxer is a brave, bright, confident, energetic, athletic, fearless, and playful breed. Well known to have iron jaws and a strong bite.

Its origin is in Germany. It’s a large-sized guard dog. Other names for this breed are German Boxer and Deutscher Boxer. It needs plenty of exercise to remain active and alert. Very friendly with kids and other pets. This breed is naturally fond of jumping on people and they love sporting activities but need proper training from their owner.

The Boxer will do okay in a small apartment, but for an athletic breed it’s very small, you must have a yard for its better physical health.

Origin: Germany    

Height: 22-25 inches (male), 21-24 inches (female)

Weight: 60-70 pounds (male), 53-65 pounds (female)

Color: Brindle, Fawn, White

Size: Large   

Exercise: daily work or exercise needed

Life span:  10-12 years

Shedding: light

Brushing: once a week

6. The American bulldog

The American Bull dog

The American bulldog is powerful, athletic, and strong muscled. It’s majorly a working dog breed. They can pull a heavy weight attached to them or can guard a wide area easily for you.

American bulldog has the highest pain tolerance among the other breeds. They are very caring, gentle, playful, and friendly towards children and family friends. Very easy to train because they are well known to listen to commands and obey their owners.

Plenty of exercises is required to keep them in good physical and mental health.

Other names for this breed are AmBulldog, AM Bulldog, American Bulldogge, American Bulldogge, and Old Country Bulldog.

Origin: United States        

Height: 20-26 inches (male), 20-24 inches (female)

Weight: 75-115 pounds (male), 60-90 pounds (female)

Color: Black, Fawn, White

Size: Large   

Exercise: daily work or exercise needed

Life span:  10-12 years

Shedding: light

Brushing: once a week

5. Dogo Argentino

Dogo Argentino

The Dogo Argentino is a large and white athletic dog with a muscular body; showing both power and strength. They are very protective and social dogs. They love to be around their family, guests, and other pets.

They are very powerful and aggressive, so must be trained at an early age. The Dogo Argentino is primarily a hunting dog. But they have a cheerful and friendly nature towards their family.

Dogo Argentino can live in an apartment, but they need regular exercise or long walks to keep them in good mental and physical health. So, you must have an average-sized yard.

Other names for this breed are Argentine Dogo, Argentine Mastiff, and Dogo. Grooming is very easy, as it has a short coat.

Origin: Argentina   

Height: 24-27 inches (male), 24-26 inches (female)

Color: White

Weight: 88-99 pounds (male), 77-88 pounds (female)

Size: Large   

Exercise: needs plenty of running and a Long walk

Life span:  10-12 years

Shedding: very light

Brushing: once a week

4. The Great Pyrenees

The Great Pyrenees

The Great Pyrenees is a large to a giant dog; strong-bodied and powerful. It was used primarily to fight wolves and other snowy predators as this breed was created in the Pyrenees mountains. And to guard flocks on steep mountain slopes.

This breed is not recommended for a small apartment, you must have a large-sized yard for a Great Pyrenees. They are very active outdoors than indoor and they need regular exercise. The Great Pyrenees is a suitable breed for kids. It’s very friendly with family members and friends. They are very sensitive towards their owners’ behavior. You must be calm and patient while training them.

Very brave and fearless towards any harm.

Other names for this breed are Great Pyrenees, Patou, Chien Des Pyrénées, Chien De Montagne Des Pyrénées, Montañés Del Pirineo and  Gos De Muntanya Dels Pirineus.

Origin: France, Spain        

Height: 27-32 inches (male), 25-29 inches (female)

Color: White

Weight: 45 Kg (male), 38 Kg (female)

Size: Giant   

Exercise: needs plenty of exercise

Life span:  10-12 years

Shedding: heavy

Brushing: Occasional trimming or stripping needed

3. The Great Dane

The Great Dane

If sufficiently exercised Great Dane will do okay in a small apartment. But for its better physical health, you must have a medium-large-sized yard. This breed is very confident, friendly, devoted, intelligent, sensitive, gentle, and loving.

Great Dane is very friendly and shy. Best suited for kids and other pets. They have some health problems like every other giant dog; like bloat. They have slow metabolisms than small breeds.

This breed is very obedient and easy to train. Very protective towards its owner and property.

Note: obedience training is highly recommended

Other names for this breed are Dane, Gentle Giant, Deutsche Dodge, and German Mastiff.

Origin: Germany    

Height: 30-34 inches (male), 28-32 inches (female)

Color: Black, Brindle, Fawn, Harlequin, Merle, White

Weight: 54-90 Kg (male), 45-59 Kg (female)

Size: Giant   

Exercise: just daily walks

Life span:  7-10 years

Shedding: heavy

Brushing: twice a week

2. The American pit bull terrier

The American pit bull terrier

Very aggressive, courageous, strong-willed, stubborn, friendly, and loyal breed. When one thinks of a powerful dog American Pit Bull comes to mind due to its power, passion, and aggressiveness.

It has a thick and shiny coat. Their look is enough to scare the intruders. They belong to the Terrier breed group. American pit bull is very happy and active indoors, if you don’t have a yard then don’t worry. Although regular exercise is also needed. Warm climates are more comfortable for them.

Very playful and energetic with kids and other pets.

American pit bull is easy to train as they are intelligent and very obedient, but you need to start at their early age. The owner must be patient, respectful, and firm towards their training.

Other names for this breed are APBT, Pit Bull, Pitty, Pit, and Pitbull.

Origin: United States        

Height: 14-24 inches

Color: Black, Black, and Tan, Blue, Brown, Red, White, yellow

Weight: 22-78 pounds

Size: Medium         

Exercise: plenty of regular exercise

Life span: 10-14 years

Shedding: light

Brushing: once a week

1. Rottweiler

Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is the #1 guard dog breed. Its origin is in Germany and Germans used this breed as a war dog. But today it is used as herd dogs and police dogs.

This breed of dog is very alert, courageous, fearless, independent, loyal, and protective.

As this is a powerful breed so it needs to be socialized at an early age and must be trained with love and care. Because Rottweiler always tries to dominate others, even his owner.

This breed needs plenty of daily exercises and a long walk. They love running in open places or yards. Swimming or playing with a ball is one of his favorite sports.

As this breed is very protective and of dominant nature, it is always alert and has a sharp eye on strangers. You must introduce your friends and family members to your dog, who often visit your home; for their safety.

Other names for this breed are Rottie and Rott.

Origin: Germany          

Height: 24-27 inches (male), 22-25 inches (female)

Color: Black and Rust, Black and Tan, Black and Mahogany

Weight: 95-130 pounds (male), 85-115 pounds (female)

Size: Large to Giant     

Exercise: plenty of regular exercise

Life span: 8-11 years

Shedding: heavy

Brushing: every other day

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